Algeria

Algeria: No vote with gangs! Makache intikhabate maâ el îssabate ! Pas de vote avec les gangs !

Publié le Mis à jour le

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You have eaten the country, thieves! Klitou el blad ya sarakine! Vous avez bouffé le pays, voleurs !

It’s us or you, we won’t stop! Ya ahna ya entouma, maranache habssine! C’est nous ou vous, on ne s’arrêtera pas !

You all get out of here! Tetnahaw ga3! Vous dégagez tous !

Civil State, not military! Dawla madania, machi askariya! État civil, pas militaire !

The people want the fall of Gaïd Salah! Echaâb yourid isqate Gaïd Salah! Le peuple veut la chute de Gaïd Salah!

Free our children and take the children of Gaïd Salah! Atlkou wladna wa diw wlad el Gaïd Salah! Libérez nos enfants et prenez les enfants de Gaïd Salah !

They sold the Sahara, divided the country, I swear I won’t vote! Essahra baouha, lebled qasmouha, wallah ma n’voti! Ils ont vendu le Sahara, divisé le pays, je jure que je ne voterai pas !

No vote! Ulac L’vot Ulac! Pas de vote !

Ali La Pointe, my country is in danger; we’re going to finish the battle of Algiers! Ya Ali Ammar, bladi fel danger, wa nkamlou fiha la bataille d’Alger, Ali Ammar ! Ali La Pointe, mon pays est en danger, on va parachever la bataille d’Alger !

O Ali, the revolution is back! Ali La Pointe, thawra wellat ! Ô Ali, la révolution est revenue !

They sold the country, O Ali! Baouha ya Ali! Ils ont vendu le pays, ô Ali !

They sold the country, the traitors! Baouha el khawana! Ils ont vendu le pays, les traîtres!

Free and democratic Algeria! Djazair houra democratia! Algérie libre et démocratique !

The people want independence! Echaab yourid el istiqlal! Le peuple veut l’indépendance !

The people will win! Echaab sayantassar! Le peuple vaincra !

Dr. Sylvie Thénault: “I still have a lot of difficulty in admitting the idea that many French people did not know what was happening in Algeria during the war”

Publié le Mis à jour le

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Dr. Sylvie Thénault. DR.

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Your academic career, whether it is your master’s degree, your doctoral thesis or your accreditation as a researcher, is focused on Algeria’s war of independence. Where does your interest in the history of Algeria come from?

Dr. Sylvie Thénault: I have no personal relationship with Algeria. My interest came from the anti-racist movement in France in the late 1980s. I was a secondary school student at the time and the fight against the National Front, which was then beginning to take root in French political life, found arguments in the history of the Algerian war of independence. Thus, it was reminded that Jean-Marie Le Pen had been a lieutenant in Algeria and that he had used torture there. October 17, 1961, was also mentioned as evidence of the murderous nature of racism. The overall idea was that, in order for the immigrants’ children to find their full place in French society, it was necessary to heal the wounds of the past. So we had to talk about it and especially about its darkest aspects. Lire la suite »

Prof. Abderrahmane Mebtoul: “The widespread financial scandals affecting most sectors of national activity threaten the foundations of the Algerian State.”

Publié le Mis à jour le

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Professor A. Mebtoul. DR.

Mohsen Abdelmoumen:  How do you read the current economic situation in Algeria?

Prof. A. Mebtoul: To understand the economic situation, it is interesting to refer to the annual ranking of The Global Competitiveness Report, of the World Economic Forum (WEF), which concerns the constraints of the business community and economic efficiency in the world, established on the basis of some 100 quantitative indicators from member states and international organizations (World Bank, IMF, ITU, ITC, UNESCO, etc.) as well as qualitative investigations carried out by the WEF itself. To make aggregation of heterogeneous data possible, all results are converted to a scale of 1 to 7. These 110 ratings are then grouped into 12 categories called « pillars », which are themselves divided into major « sub-indices ». In its 2018 report, the WEF study, conducted among 14,000 business leaders from 137 countries, provides a global ranking of the most competitive countries. To establish Algeria’s competitiveness ranking, the Forum based itself on 114 indicators grouped into the following 12 categories: Algeria is ranked 88th, far behind Morocco (49th position) and Tunisia (80th position). As for the level of corruption, (85th place), Algeria is very poorly ranked, corruption being the second biggest obstacle on the path of investors. In terms of public sector performance, the country ranks 81st and 54th in terms of safety. Lire la suite »

Dr. Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck: “Algerians took up to the street on February 22 because they were fed up with the system”

Publié le Mis à jour le

Dr. Dalia Ghanem picture by Juan Luis Rod

Dr. Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck (photo Juan Luis Rod)

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You have worked on issues related to terrorism, including in the field. In your opinion, can we fight terrorism without fighting the ideology that generates it?

Dr. Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck: It is tough to do so because bombs and weapons do not fight ideas. As long as the idea is there and is not fought and countered, then it will be hard to get rid of terrorism. Governments need to better develop both offline and online alternative narratives to extremist ideologies. We need to give young men and women better tools to be able to tackle extremist propaganda. These narratives should comprise social, media campaigns, educational campaigns for young people in schools, and civil associations…etc. Besides, as long as there is social injustice, marginalization, repression, etc., the specter of jihadism will continue to haunt many countries in the world. Lire la suite »

Prof. El Mouhoub Mouhoud: “Algerians have understood that there is a political solution to the crisis in their country.

Publié le Mis à jour le

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Prof. El Mouhoub Mouhoud. DR.

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Your book “L’immigration en France” contradicts the theses of far-right political parties that use the theme of immigration for electoral purposes. In your opinion, doesn’t immigration produce wealth?

Prof. El Mouhoub Mouhoud: The purpose of this book was to make available to the general public the state of scientific knowledge on the reality of international migration. I had then confronted with a number of questions: how are the representations formed which are crystallized by the thematic of migrations? Why, despite the figures and the analyses and lessons learned, based on consistent studies in different countries on migration or climate, for example, are the most unlikely allegations not demystified, and fantasies and not reality continue to pollute the « public debate »? Without bias for or against immigration, it is to these questions, sometimes disturbing but always substantiated, that my book tried to answer. When we observe the yawning and growing gap between the results of scientific research and representations, we can only try to contribute serenely to the debate. Lire la suite »

Dr. Nacer Djabi: “This generational moment will mark the difference between Algeria before and after February 22, 2019”

Publié le

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Dr. Nacer  Djabi. DR.

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: How do you, as a sociologist, view recent events in Algeria? In your opinion, haven’t the demonstrations that have taken place every Friday since February 22nd changed Algeria’s history?

Dr. Nacer Djabi: What is happening in Algeria since February 22nd is unique and never happened before, not even in other Arab countries, for example during the Arab Spring in 2011-2012, taking into account the high level of mobilization and its national character, which includes in the case of Algeria, popular demonstrations by millions in more than thirty cities for the same political demands. Lire la suite »

Prof. Mario Caligiuri: “The degeneration of democracy is like the sleep of reason: it gives rise to monsters”

Publié le Mis à jour le

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Prof. Mario Caligiuri. DR.

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You are a world-class intelligence expert. How do you explain the inability of some Western countries to fight terrorism?

Prof. Mario Caligiuri: Any social problem must be understood in its true nature, which is cultural. The West interprets the world with its own eyes and does not necessarily understand it completely. The invasion of Iraq on the basis of false information indicating the existence of chemical weapons that did not exist, or the intervention against Gaddafi in Libya to stabilize the situation and ultimately create chaos, were obvious mistakes. Lire la suite »