Prof. Abderrahmane Mebtoul: “The widespread financial scandals affecting most sectors of national activity threaten the foundations of the Algerian State.”
Professor A. Mebtoul. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: How do you read the current economic situation in Algeria?
Prof. A. Mebtoul: To understand the economic situation, it is interesting to refer to the annual ranking of The Global Competitiveness Report, of the World Economic Forum (WEF), which concerns the constraints of the business community and economic efficiency in the world, established on the basis of some 100 quantitative indicators from member states and international organizations (World Bank, IMF, ITU, ITC, UNESCO, etc.) as well as qualitative investigations carried out by the WEF itself. To make aggregation of heterogeneous data possible, all results are converted to a scale of 1 to 7. These 110 ratings are then grouped into 12 categories called « pillars », which are themselves divided into major « sub-indices ». In its 2018 report, the WEF study, conducted among 14,000 business leaders from 137 countries, provides a global ranking of the most competitive countries. To establish Algeria’s competitiveness ranking, the Forum based itself on 114 indicators grouped into the following 12 categories: Algeria is ranked 88th, far behind Morocco (49th position) and Tunisia (80th position). As for the level of corruption, (85th place), Algeria is very poorly ranked, corruption being the second biggest obstacle on the path of investors. In terms of public sector performance, the country ranks 81st and 54th in terms of safety. Lire la suite »
Dr. Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck: “Algerians took up to the street on February 22 because they were fed up with the system”
Dr. Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck (photo Juan Luis Rod)
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You have worked on issues related to terrorism, including in the field. In your opinion, can we fight terrorism without fighting the ideology that generates it?
Dr. Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck: It is tough to do so because bombs and weapons do not fight ideas. As long as the idea is there and is not fought and countered, then it will be hard to get rid of terrorism. Governments need to better develop both offline and online alternative narratives to extremist ideologies. We need to give young men and women better tools to be able to tackle extremist propaganda. These narratives should comprise social, media campaigns, educational campaigns for young people in schools, and civil associations…etc. Besides, as long as there is social injustice, marginalization, repression, etc., the specter of jihadism will continue to haunt many countries in the world. Lire la suite »
Prof. El Mouhoub Mouhoud: “Algerians have understood that there is a political solution to the crisis in their country.
Prof. El Mouhoub Mouhoud. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Your book “L’immigration en France” contradicts the theses of far-right political parties that use the theme of immigration for electoral purposes. In your opinion, doesn’t immigration produce wealth?
Prof. El Mouhoub Mouhoud: The purpose of this book was to make available to the general public the state of scientific knowledge on the reality of international migration. I had then confronted with a number of questions: how are the representations formed which are crystallized by the thematic of migrations? Why, despite the figures and the analyses and lessons learned, based on consistent studies in different countries on migration or climate, for example, are the most unlikely allegations not demystified, and fantasies and not reality continue to pollute the « public debate »? Without bias for or against immigration, it is to these questions, sometimes disturbing but always substantiated, that my book tried to answer. When we observe the yawning and growing gap between the results of scientific research and representations, we can only try to contribute serenely to the debate. Lire la suite »
Dr. Nacer Djabi: “This generational moment will mark the difference between Algeria before and after February 22, 2019”
Dr. Nacer Djabi. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: How do you, as a sociologist, view recent events in Algeria? In your opinion, haven’t the demonstrations that have taken place every Friday since February 22nd changed Algeria’s history?
Dr. Nacer Djabi: What is happening in Algeria since February 22nd is unique and never happened before, not even in other Arab countries, for example during the Arab Spring in 2011-2012, taking into account the high level of mobilization and its national character, which includes in the case of Algeria, popular demonstrations by millions in more than thirty cities for the same political demands. Lire la suite »
Prof. Mario Caligiuri: “The degeneration of democracy is like the sleep of reason: it gives rise to monsters”
Prof. Mario Caligiuri. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You are a world-class intelligence expert. How do you explain the inability of some Western countries to fight terrorism?
Prof. Mario Caligiuri: Any social problem must be understood in its true nature, which is cultural. The West interprets the world with its own eyes and does not necessarily understand it completely. The invasion of Iraq on the basis of false information indicating the existence of chemical weapons that did not exist, or the intervention against Gaddafi in Libya to stabilize the situation and ultimately create chaos, were obvious mistakes. Lire la suite »
Prof. Mario Caligiuri: « La degenerazione della democrazia è come il sonno della ragione: provoca mostri »
Prof. Mario Caligiuri. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen : Lei è un esperto di intelligence di livello mondiale. Come si spiega l’incapacità di alcuni paesi occidentali di combattere il terrorismo?
Prof. Mario Caligiuri: Ogni problema sociale va inquadrato nella sua vera natura che è quella culturale. L’Occidente interpreta il mondo con i suoi occhi e quindi non lo comprende a fondo. Invadere l’Iraq sulla base di false informazioni di intelligence che affermavano l’esistenza di armi chimiche che poi non c’erano oppure l’intervento contro Gheddafi in Libia per stabilizzare la situazione creando invece un caos alla resa dei conti sono stati errori evidenti. Lire la suite »
Dr. Ali Ghediri. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You mentioned the concept of « rupture without denial ». Can you explain us what you mean by that? How can we make a rupture in Algeria today?
Dr. Ali Ghediri: I chose shock terms. The word rupture is in itself polysemic according to whether it applies to physics, sociology or politics. It is a term that has a part of apprehension and, to be much more concrete, I would say that it is a term that contains fear. In everyday life, in general, the rupture is resorted to when there is a blockage that no longer allows any dynamics. This is true in the social field in general and in politics in particular. Lire la suite »