Dr. Mohammad Marandi: “Mohammad bin Salman has said in public that he wants to take the war into Iran”
Dr. Mohammad Marandi. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is the immediate impact on the Iranian people of the Trump administration’s exit from the Iran nuclear deal?
Dr. Mohammad Marandi: Obviously, it is going to have a short term negative impact. People are concerned about the effect it will have on the economy and Iranian currency has dropped significantly. However, I believe that in the midterm the economy will stabilize, and as Iran reorientates its economy, trading partners and strategic partnerships things will stabilize. In the long term, I think Iran will probably even benefit because the US will no longer have any leverage that it can use against the country and its people. Lire la suite »
Dr. François-Bernard Huyghe: “I would not be surprised if Daesh, after the loss of Syria and Iraq, continues to spread in other countries”
Dr. François-Bernard Huyghe. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Are Western governments powerless in the face of terrorism?
Dr. François-Bernard Huyghe: We have terrorist attacks in the West since the end of the 19th century. There have been for various reasons, sometimes by anarchists, sometimes by independentists, sometimes the extreme left, the extreme right, etc. and no one has found the miracle solution. At the moment, for example, in France, we are living in a situation where, despite the military crushing of Daesh, every two months there is an attack or attempt to attack; claiming of the caliphate, with more or less means, so there is a kind of terrorist routine that settles down. Lire la suite »
Dr. Michael Knights. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: We recently interviewed Dr. Al-Chlaihawi, the Iraqi Ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the European Union. He told us that even though Daesh suffered a military defeat, there is still an ideological battle to be waged against the ISIS terrorist group. What is your opinion on this?
Dr. Michael Knights: It’s right that there is a battle to convince some Iraqis, particularly young Iraqis from northern and western Iraq, that Daesh’s ideology is wrong. But in my view the more important struggle is the need to strengthen the state’s armed forces and to ensure that they are representative of the people, especially in Sunni areas. Daesh succeeded in 2012-2014 because the state security forces failed: they failed to protect the Sahwa, they failed to protect the Sunnis and they failed to protect the borders. Lire la suite »
Dr. Pieter Van Ostaeyen. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In your book « Staat van terror, De jihadistische revolutie » you mention among others the Arab Spring and the genesis of the conflict in Syria with the emergence of different terrorist groups. In your opinion, why those who took advantage of the chaos that prevailed after the Arab Spring are the terrorist groups?
Dr. Pieter Van Ostaeyen: In countries that came out of the Arab revolutions in utter chaos (Libya, Syria) jihadi groups profited from the complete lack of control by a central government and used the anarchy and chaos to build up a support network. In Syria one cannot deny the fact that long-time, well-known, jihadists were released from al-Assad’s prisons. Remember that Assad always said he was fighting terrorists, not rebels. These jihadi’s soon took the lead over the rebellion with the current situation as a result. Lire la suite »
Ambassador of Iraq to the Kingdom of Belgium and to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and Head of Mission to the European Union: “We still have an ideological victory to achieve over the Daesh phenomenon”
H.E. the Ambassador of Iraq Dr. Jawad. al-Chlaihawi (right) and Mohsen Abdelmoumen (left) DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is the current situation in Iraq?
H.E. Ambassador of Iraq in Brussels, Dr. Jawad al-Chlaihawi: Currently, the situation is obviously much better than a year, two years or even a few months ago, especially after the announcement of the final victory over Daesh and terrorism, and the total liberation of the Iraqi territory from the terrorist group. Iraq is now experiencing a period of national, political, and security consolidation. The Iraqi people clearly see the almost total absence since about four or five months cases of explosions that were previously observed in Baghdad or other cities. This shows the complete annihilation of the terrorist group’s capabilities. Lire la suite »
Dr. Tewfik Hamel. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is your reading of the trial of strength which is currently confronting Saudi Arabia and its allies with Qatar? Some sources even mention the risk of war in the region. What do you think?
Dr. Tewfik Hamel: Many points overlap and deserve to be highlighted, notably the period of change in the Arab world which will not be short, but a constant struggle between the forces that are trying to define the future of the region. Internal conflicts are partly associated with these changes. Then there is the intellectual confusion surrounding the nature of this hostility. Added to this, are the rise of Iran and a sense of insecurity of Saudis that can not be appeased. Finally, the role of the United States:
Alain Rodier. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You are the author, among others, of “Grand angle sur le terrorisme” (Wide Angle on Terrorism) and “Grand angle sur la mafia” (Wide Angle on Mafia). In these two very relevant books, you analyze terrorism and mafias, which brings us back to the links between these two phenomena. One is talking more and more about hybrid terrorism related to serious criminality, what is your opinion on that?
Alain Rodier: The term « hybrid terrorism » emerged to highlight the links between terrorist movements and crime in general and organized in particular. A first phenomenon is well known: that of the petty criminals who enter into terrorism. Interest is then reciprocal. Different « losers » see it as a way of « fulfill oneself » by getting out of their criminal anonymity by espousing a cause that, in their vast majority, they do not know. What is amazing is that they are not only able to give their lives for this cause (like almost all active soldiers), but that their essential aim is martyrdom. Apart from Japanese suicide bombers, modern history knows no similar cases. The great question that is posed and which has not yet been answered satisfactorily is: why? Lire la suite »