Dr. Pieter Van Ostaeyen. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In your book « Staat van terror, De jihadistische revolutie » you mention among others the Arab Spring and the genesis of the conflict in Syria with the emergence of different terrorist groups. In your opinion, why those who took advantage of the chaos that prevailed after the Arab Spring are the terrorist groups?
Dr. Pieter Van Ostaeyen: In countries that came out of the Arab revolutions in utter chaos (Libya, Syria) jihadi groups profited from the complete lack of control by a central government and used the anarchy and chaos to build up a support network. In Syria one cannot deny the fact that long-time, well-known, jihadists were released from al-Assad’s prisons. Remember that Assad always said he was fighting terrorists, not rebels. These jihadi’s soon took the lead over the rebellion with the current situation as a result. Lire la suite »
Ambassador of Iraq to the Kingdom of Belgium and to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and Head of Mission to the European Union: “We still have an ideological victory to achieve over the Daesh phenomenon”
H.E. the Ambassador of Iraq Dr. Jawad. al-Chlaihawi (right) and Mohsen Abdelmoumen (left) DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is the current situation in Iraq?
H.E. Ambassador of Iraq in Brussels, Dr. Jawad al-Chlaihawi: Currently, the situation is obviously much better than a year, two years or even a few months ago, especially after the announcement of the final victory over Daesh and terrorism, and the total liberation of the Iraqi territory from the terrorist group. Iraq is now experiencing a period of national, political, and security consolidation. The Iraqi people clearly see the almost total absence since about four or five months cases of explosions that were previously observed in Baghdad or other cities. This shows the complete annihilation of the terrorist group’s capabilities. Lire la suite »
Dr. Tewfik Hamel
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Do you think that Algeria remains a major regional player and with what means of pressure will Algeria be able to weigh in the Sahel region? Does the internal crisis of governance not affect the regional role that Algeria can claim?
Dr. Tewfik Hamel: In the 1990s, the priority objective of Algerian diplomacy was to avoid the isolation of the country; ensure that major capitals accept the cessation of the electoral process of 26 December 1991. After a decade of extraordinary upheavals, and despite the continuing violence, Algeria is showing signs of recovery and assertiveness on the international scene. The rediscovery of the country’s traditional foreign policy activism is likely to have important implications for North Africa and the Mediterranean region. Lire la suite »
Dr. Tewfik Hamel. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is your reading of the trial of strength which is currently confronting Saudi Arabia and its allies with Qatar? Some sources even mention the risk of war in the region. What do you think?
Dr. Tewfik Hamel: Many points overlap and deserve to be highlighted, notably the period of change in the Arab world which will not be short, but a constant struggle between the forces that are trying to define the future of the region. Internal conflicts are partly associated with these changes. Then there is the intellectual confusion surrounding the nature of this hostility. Added to this, are the rise of Iran and a sense of insecurity of Saudis that can not be appeased. Finally, the role of the United States:
Dr. Éric Denécé: « Following his disappointments in Syria and Iraq, Daesh will boost his terrorist action in the world »
Dr. Eric Denécé. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Several months after the attacks that hit Paris and Brussels, do you think that Western Governments have drawn the conclusions it takes?
Dr. Éric Denécé: All the Western states believe that jihadist terrorism is the primary threat against national security and give increasing resources to the fight. But it is difficult to generalize further because the situations are different from one country to another. France, for example, is more targeted – because of its external operations – and concerned – because of the presence on its soil of an important population coming from the immigration. Except for Bulgaria, France is the country of the European Union, which has the largest number of Muslims on its soil. Now, if 95% of our compatriots are respectable and law-abiding, there is, however, a significant minority of radicalized in which recruit Daesh and Al-Qaeda. The problem takes therefore at our place a particular largeness, which is not similar, for example, in Germany or in Italy. Lire la suite »
Prof. Tony Kashani: « Either we will change and build solidarity for a better and just world or become extinct »
Professor Tony Kashani. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: If Hillary Clinton becomes president, will the United States have elected a president or a war leader? At the death of Gaddafi, Hillary Clinton said “We came, we saw, he died”. Doesn’t this reference to the sentence of Jules César summarize the personality of Hillary Clinton as a war leader of the empire?
Prof. Tony Kashani: What is most disturbing about that line, which she delivered to a CBS reporter on national TV is that she did it with laughter and demeanor of a conqueror. Let’s bear in mind that this happened literally moments after she learned that the deposed Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi had been killed. Of course, we know what a disaster that military intervention was, and the aftermath is even worse, costing American and Libyan lives, leaving Libya a failed state with no hope for stability anytime soon. Lire la suite »
Pr. Marjorie Cohn: « Almost 90 percent of the people killed in airstrikes were not the intended targets »
Professor Marjorie Cohn. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In spying on entire planet through the NSA, as revealed by Edward Snowden, does the US government fight terrorism as he claims or is it an excuse to spy on activists who are against the imperialist policy of the United States? Are this phone-tapping legal?
Pr. Marjorie Cohn: The US government is really trying fight terrorism but the use of metadata to target people with drones is unreliable. The US government may have a cell phone number that belongs to a « suspected terrorist », but the target may have given his phone to anyone (his mother, etc.), so the targeting is notoriously imprecise. Surveillance is used within the United States to monitor suspected terrorist activity, but can also be abused to spy on dissidents. Lire la suite »