Jour: 28 octobre 2014

Algeria will face the terrorist threat. DR

Publié le

Uprootedpalestinians's Blog

https://mohsenabdelmoumen.wordpress.com/2014/10/26/algerie-une-frontiere-et-des-dangers/

Algeria has a common border with seven African countries, with a total length of over 6300 km, which is a very important geostrategic factor. However, it faces currently in a seat that dare not speak its name, from its eastern border to the South, while in the West, the monarchy of Morocco mobilizes its troops smugglers of drugs and fuel into a pernicious ploy Algeria.

Not content with this, the Kingdom of sex tourism did not hesitate to buy many journalists in the media to discredit the French Algeria, as was revealed by the mysterious Chris Coleman, whom we now call the Arab Snowden . It detailed the relation that the Makhzen with these French journalists, responsible for supporting the archaic monarchy of Morocco in its management of the Western Sahara issue which, remember, is still an unsolved case of colonization. The smear campaign against Morocco towards Algeria lasted…

View original post 2 291 mots de plus

Publicités

The Special Interest Problem – An Analysis by Lawrence Davidson

Publié le Mis à jour le

9780813125244

 

Part. I – A Problem with a History

The problem of special interests or lobbies was one of the foremost concerns of the Founding Fathers of the United States. In their day these pressure groups were called factions.

James Madison, who is considered the architect of the U.S. Constitution, devoted the entire tenth Federalist Paper (1787) to the problem. He defined a faction as “a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority … actuated by some common … interest, adverse to … the aggregate interests of the community,” and believed that within the context of liberal republicanism, they could never be eliminated.

However, Madison did feel they could be controlled. To this end he sought to create representative bodies with high numbers of delegates and a wide diversity of interests in the hope that they would counterbalance each other.

When George Washington delivered his famous Farewell Address in 1796, he too noted the problem. Washington warned of “combinations and associations” which attempt to “direct, control, counteract and awe the regular deliberation and action of the constituted authorities” and thereby substitute their own desires for the “delegated will of the nation.”

As Washington’s continued concern implied, James Madison’s approach to controlling special interests or factions never proved adequate. Lire la suite »