Abel Bari Atwan DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is your analysis of the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories and in Gaza?
Abdel Bari Atwan: The Palestinian political scene is in a state of paralysis, which is a direct consequence of the disastrous Oslo process. Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) is not in good health, so the stage is now set for the post-Abu Mazen period. But nobody has a roadmap for where to go. Abu Mazen is the last of the founding fathers, and his departure will cause the Fateh movement to fragment and lose influence, as happened to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) after the death of George Habash. So chaos and confusion prevail. I wouldn’t be surprised if people in the West Bank and Gaza Strip draw inspiration from the demonstrations in Sudan and Algeria. Lire la suite »
Dr. Myriam Aït-Aoudia. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In your thesis very interesting and very important to read, you establish a relevant review. Knowing that questions relating to the experience of multiparty politics have not been treated academically in Algeria, why did you feel the need to choose this topic for your thesis?
Dr. Myriam Aït-Aoudia: The Algerian democratic experience between 1988 and 1992 took place twenty years before what was called the « Arab Spring ». Algeria is therefore the first country in the region to have experienced an exit from an authoritarian regime and the installation of a democratic regime. This episode was dramatically closed the day after the stopping of the parliamentary elections that the Islamist party, the FIS, had won, and a terrible terrorist war has plunged the country for a decade. Lire la suite »
Dr. Jean Bricmont: “Yellow Vests ask such fundamental questions that no european government could answer them”
Dr. Jean Bricmont DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: How do you explain the submission of Western governments and their media to Israel?
Dr. Jean Bricmont: By the pressure of the lobbies, the constant insistence on commemorating the holocaust, etc. This creates a situation in which Zionist intellectuals can never be criticized without the risk of being treated as fascist or Nazi. All this is very effective and people are silent because they lack courage. Lire la suite »
Robert Bibeau. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Reading your very informative and gripping book, « La démocratie aux États-Unis, les mascarades électorales » (Democracy in the United States, electoral masquerades), a question arises: is there really a democracy in the United States and what is the use of elections in the USA?
Robert Bibeau: Yes, there is a real democracy for the bourgeoisie in the United States as in all the capitalist countries of this world. There is obviously no popular-proletarian « democracy » in the United States or any other country. Do you believe that joining a bourgeois party of a multibillionaire and its relations – given its power of pressure, of its television channel and its administrative centers – is of the same « democratic » weight as the adhesion of my neighbor – a Proletarian – to a pseudo-socialist political party? There is only the bourgeois left to let it believe. American workers know it, they do not move to vote and « to use the false power of the voting pencil » nor benefit from a fanciful electoral power exclusive to the rich. Lire la suite »
Prof. Atilio Borón: “In order to counter the imperialist created chaos honest leadership and strong institutions need to be accompanied by an intense and well organized popular mobilization”
Prof. Atilio Borón. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: How do you explain the retreat of the left and the rise of the far right in Latin America, as we saw in Brazil with the election of the fascist and torturer Jair Bolsonaro and that of Mauricio Macri in Argentina?
Prof. Atilio Borón: There are many reasons, which I could only summarize here. First, the intensity of the American counter offensive to defeat progressive governments has been impressive. Macri was an unexpected gift, more due to the mistakes of Kirchnerism than to anything else. But the victory was very important for the US. Bolsonaro is the product of the PT demobilization established by Lula since the beginnings, the complete corruption of the judicial system that put in jail Lula and allowed Bolsonaro not to be present in the presidential debates, the staunch support of the hegemonic media and, of course, serious mistakes of the Lula/Dilma governments which believed that social policy and the extraction of millions from extreme poverty would be enough to change popular consciousness and make those people supporters of progressive policies. Lire la suite »
Prof. Martin E. Jay. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You wrote “Marxism and Totality: The Adventures of a Concept from Lukacs to Habermas”. Why, in your opinion, has totality been at the center of the thought of early Marxist philosophers such as Lukács, Korsch, Gramsci and Bloch?
Prof. Martin E. Jay: The category of totality, whose importance for Marxist theory Lukács emphasized in History and Class Consciousness (1923), was introduced to overcome the exaggerated role given to the economy by traditional, Second International Marxism. Although under capitalism, the economy as a distinct sub-sphere of society as a whole did play an exorbitant role, it was never simply a “base” or “substructure” on which a “superstructure” of culture, politics, religion, etc. was entirely dependent. Even more importantly, in the transition away from capitalism, which the theorists you mention hoped was actually happening, the relative autonomy of culture and politics within the totality of social relations would grow. Lire la suite »
Etienne Chouard. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In your very powerful manifesto book « Nous ne sommes pas en démocratie!” (We are not in a democracy!), you make a relevant observation. Is it not rather a plutocracy?
Étienne Chouard: Yes, absolutely. We have been in the plutocracy for two hundred years since the revolutions of England, America, France, since the advent of the representative government which designates the political players by the procedure of the election among candidates that one can help. This procedure, since one can help, gives all the power – because when one win the elections, one exercise all the power during the mandate – to those who have the most resources to help, that is, the richest. Lire la suite »