Ms. Ana Gomes. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You sit in the Subcommittee on Security and Defense and in the Special Commission on terrorism in the European Parliament. What do you think of European coordination in the fight against terrorism?
Ana Gomes: It has improved considerably since 2015, particularly since the terrorist attacks in France that hit the Bataclan. It existed before but it is especially since the Bataclan that the information exchange between police and intelligence services has developed. However, there is still a lot to do. The causes of terrorism, including the reasons for radicalization among Europeans, have not yet been sufficiently addressed – and I am not talking only about the Europeans who went to join Daesh in Syria and Iraq, but Europeans who attacked us here at home. Most are our fellow citizens who are born and have radicalized here, and I think that has a lot to do with neoliberal policies that have completely disinvested in social inclusion, especially for young people from immigrant communities, and so it was easier for terrorist groups to recruit unstable people for any reason. Lire la suite »
Dr. Mohammad Marandi: “Mohammad bin Salman has said in public that he wants to take the war into Iran”
Dr. Mohammad Marandi. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is the immediate impact on the Iranian people of the Trump administration’s exit from the Iran nuclear deal?
Dr. Mohammad Marandi: Obviously, it is going to have a short term negative impact. People are concerned about the effect it will have on the economy and Iranian currency has dropped significantly. However, I believe that in the midterm the economy will stabilize, and as Iran reorientates its economy, trading partners and strategic partnerships things will stabilize. In the long term, I think Iran will probably even benefit because the US will no longer have any leverage that it can use against the country and its people. Lire la suite »
Dr. François-Bernard Huyghe: “I would not be surprised if Daesh, after the loss of Syria and Iraq, continues to spread in other countries”
Dr. François-Bernard Huyghe. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: Are Western governments powerless in the face of terrorism?
Dr. François-Bernard Huyghe: We have terrorist attacks in the West since the end of the 19th century. There have been for various reasons, sometimes by anarchists, sometimes by independentists, sometimes the extreme left, the extreme right, etc. and no one has found the miracle solution. At the moment, for example, in France, we are living in a situation where, despite the military crushing of Daesh, every two months there is an attack or attempt to attack; claiming of the caliphate, with more or less means, so there is a kind of terrorist routine that settles down. Lire la suite »
Rev. Dr. Mitri Raheb. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In your book « Faith in the Face of Empire« , you describe the specific suffering of Palestinian Christians. Can you explain us what it means to be a Palestinian Christian under Israeli occupation?
Rev. Dr. Mitri Raheb: For a Palestinian Christian to live under Israeli occupation can means different things. For Christians living in Gaza it means living in a big open air prison without much chances to move in and out with deteriorating living condition: only 4 hours a day electricity, salted drinking water and polluted air and sea. For Palestinians Christians living in the west bank it means to be surrounded by Israeli Jewish colonies with no room for expansion, restricted movement, surrounded by walls and a kind of apartheid system. For Palestinian Christians living in east Jerusalem it means to be living in your own city as a resident alien being discriminated against in terms of the provision of municipal services, building permits, etc. Lire la suite »
Raoul Hedebouw: “We are seeing a war between the imperialist bloc and independent countries that can unfortunately lead to a global conflict.”
Raoul Hedebouw. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In the book you co-wrote with Peter Mertens « Priorité de gauche, pistes rouges pour sortie de crise” (Left-wing priority. Red slopes for crisis resolution), you talk about the neoliberal drift and you propose an alternative. Do you think that the systemic crisis of capitalism offers prospects for the constitution of a real fighting left that frames the workers’ struggle?
Raoul Hedebouw: Yes, it seems clear to me. We would do well to analyze the sequence in which we find ourselves, that is to say at the beginning of the 1990s with the fall of the Berlin Wall and the socialist countries, the neoliberals created a sequence that was the one where there was no alternative, the famous TINA (note: There is no alternative), and we must note that the 2008 banking crisis has reopened many prospects for discussion. And since 2008 and the banking crisis, there are many more prospects for debates and openings to go beyond capitalism. And we clearly see that there is a dynamic at the youth level, at the union level, where there is much more energy to debate this subject. It’s not by chance that Marx’s book « The Capital » has become a bestseller in the United States, Japan and France. Lire la suite »
His Excellency Dr. Nikolaos van Dam: “It would have been preferable not to militarily intervene in Libya, because like in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, it has turned out to be a disaster”
His Excellency Dr. Nikolaos van Dam. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: You are a diplomat and you know very well the Middle East region where you have been Ambassador of the Netherlands in several countries. You have also been Special Envoy of the Netherlands for Syria. In your opinion, does the diplomatic and political solution still have a chance of succeeding in Syria after this bloody war?
His Excellency Dr. Nikolaos van Dam: Whether or not a political solution is still possible depends on the main parties to the conflict, both Syrian and foreign, involved directly or by proxy. The aims of the warring parties are so wide apart, however, that reaching a compromise seems to be extremely difficult, if not impossible, particularly because the opposing parties actually keep preferring to eliminate one another. This provides more fertile ground for a military “solution”, which in the end, however, will not turn out to be a durable “solution” but rather a reflection of the military balance of power. Lire la suite »
Dr. Paul R. Pillar: “The extraordinary and well-known role of Israel in American politics explains this inconsistency”
Dr. Paul R. Pillar. DR.
Mohsen Abdelmoumen: In your book Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy, you have criticized the reform of US intelligence services. Can you tell us why?
Dr. Paul R. Pillar: Following the 9/11 terrorist attack, there was a huge public appetite for « doing something » that would assure Americans that a horrible event like that would not happen again. Such assurance seems to require the notion of an identifiable, fixable problem that, once fixed, will mean Americans will now be safe. And when we don’t have better ideas for a fix, the usual Washington response is to reorganize. Lire la suite »